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September 15 to 21, 2014 – Methods – Parents – Right on – Illiterate – Tunnel – Return on several controversies in this notebook. First one on reading methods revived by a report in the JT France 2 Monday, September 15th. And also that aroused by the minister of Economy of purported workers "illiterate". This has had the merit to put in the forefront the issue and question also on the construction and training of elites. We are interested also in the place of parents after the holding of the first "coffee parents" organized by Najat Vallaud Belkacem. And we also do a bit of media education through a recent news. Problem methods almost as strong as the return of a former president, we got at the beginning of the week the return of the quarrel on reading methods we thought finally buried … Monday, September 15, 8:20 p.m. newspaper France 2, the presenter announces the following report: "on this edition file. What method for learning to read in school? This is the news in this time of year. scientists get involved. And more specifically neuro-psychologists. ". And we are told later in the report that "science is settled" in the debate between the syllabic method and the global method which it suggests it is widespread among teachers. Stanislas Dehaene, a neuropsychologist and Jerome Deauvieau, sociologist, involved turn to confirm that "science is settled" … By the way, there will be a compassionate thought for all the CP teachers who organize meetings with parents and who will will make remarks on reading methods (in addition to possible questions on a supposed "gender theory" …). How a story can it be not only compelling but also rely more on biased and false information? For when it is stated that most teachers use global methods is obviously false and baseless. It raises questions about the seriousness and rigor of journalists who are building investigations of such assumptions. It must first be remembered that the return of this debate lies in the extension of two grandstands published within days of the end of 2013 in Le Monde. First December 22, that was Stanislas Dehaene, cited speaking. And then on 31 December, it was the turn of Roland Goigoux react to this first term. For the first, "teaching is a science" (that was the title of the article). And it already summoned J. Deauvieau to support his thesis on reading methods. Roland Goigoux in response put forward the "serious methodological flaws" of this investigation and rejected the grotesque simplification oppose "global" and "syllabic" while actual practices of teachers are much more complex. Rereading these two forums, one realizes that the France 2 report is a cover of the first. For this report deserves to survey the term would have required it also relies on the second. It is the journalist who has a problem of method … The France 2 report was, in any case, provoked a stir among teachers and some reactions. The most interesting is that of the reading specialist Eveline Charmeux that, on his blog, as his post "A force to graze the ridiculous, we end up falling into it. ". She insists that she said "Decrypt individual words is an identification activity; it is not at all a reading activity. ". Other readings can also help to get a more nuanced view on the contribution of neuroscience and the risk of a "neuro-pedagogy." This is the case of a text by Bernard Collot. And to go further, we can see the great synthesis proposed ITIs in the standby folder that also belies some "neuro-myths" … Parents Minister announced in an interview with the Le Monde as a priority from 1 September: "I will give particular importance to bring the school parents who are unfamiliar with the codes, arcane language, which are never set foot or they have never had the chance to go there themselves, or they do not have good memories. To fight against this distrust is a key to student success. So I see to improve the reception of parents at the school, as we will be systematically every morning in the priority education networks. "The organization of the first" coffee parents "on September 15 to engage directly with eleven relatives (from the 15th and 18th district and Seine St. Denis) seems indicative of an interesting political will. But the Le Monde article which reports also point that "participatory democracy" and also has direct effect of circumventing the intermediate body and therefore here federations parents. While the elections of parents are in a month, the FCPE, the main federation parents find it very bitter "coffee parents" without them … "Najat Vallaud-Belkacem goes about it with parents as employers made out to the company’s unions" , even said Paul Raoult, its president. Anyway, it is essential that we strive to overcome mutual distrust that has too often installed between the teachers and parents. Asked by the VousNousIls site a book to be published on this subject (Contact parents for student success, "Retz) Benjamin Chemouny, sums up the challenges of this alliance to build" Some teachers are wary screws -a-vis parents. In staff room generally means two complaints: either the parents are considered resigning because the teacher hardly sees; either they are considered invasive when they interfere in the work of teachers. This vision, a caricature, is not constructive. Meanwhile, tensions are normal because teachers and parents care, in turn, education of children. It should nevertheless resume dialogue and conduct important work information. Several studies show that when there is a partnership with families, student outcomes are better. In the neighborhoods, contrary to popular belief, the families who have no – or little – went to school have the desire to invest a lot. Problem: often they do not know how. We must explain the "codes" of the school and the role of each. This promotes children’s success. "Right away Before addressing another highlight of the week with the focus put on illiteracy by the Minister of Economy, back on a fact perhaps minor but illustrates, it seems to me, the limits of media coverage. A teenage girl from Perpignan has resumed classes on Thursday in his high school after being finally allowed to wear a cap to hide alopecia areata, that the management of the institution had forbidden him Monday to name the internal regulations. Students were mobilized during the week for their comrade can attend classes and the case was publicized in several articles in the local press first and then national. Upon reading the above, we say that the case is simple. We have on one side a "bad" direction that applies a fool settlement and a close reading of the law on religious symbols and the other a student suffering and that prevents them from working. Except that when you dig a little and that has a "right away" to check the facts, we see that things are not always that simple. According to our information, it would appear that he was never question of religious symbols. Management sent a letter to the mother and the student with several proposals rejected outright by the family. The reaction was the choice of the scope cackles in the incident. he had just been asked whether less "diamond" and if possible without logo (discrete …). The discretion which the mother called today is somewhat contradicted when we see that it is she who called the local press. And thus leads to a paradoxical situation where a young girl who does not show his areata finds presented bareheaded for over an hour to journalists. Relatively speaking and without wishing to pose as preachy, we are there too, like to play before a journalistic difficulty confronting positions and source verification. Illiterate? An illiterate person has already received learning to read but has not gained sufficient mastery to be independent, as defined by the national fight against illiteracy Agency (ANLCI). . This is the charity ATD Fourth World who conceives the term "literacy" for the poor French skills limited reading and writing did not feel that compared to illiterate skilled immigrant workers. Illiteracy is the situation of someone who has never been exposed to learning to read. We find this information and more in an article published in the World on 18 September. Why this return to this theme today when illiteracy was "great national cause" in 2013. We owe it to about the new economy minister, Emmanuel Macron micro Europe 1 Wednesday, September 17, citing the "illiterate" slaughterhouse Gad in Lampaul-Guimiliau in Finistere. Taking the example of these employees, "mostly women" "for many illiterate" and that we can not ask "to go to work at 50 or 60 km" lack of driver’s license, the Minister wished to explain Government policy choices facing mass unemployment: no "major reforms" but "small unlocking". The reactions were very lively. First the company cited but more broadly in social networks where his words were deemed insulting. From the afternoon at the meeting Emmanuel Macron presented "his apologies" to employees that could have hurt. In a notebook dedicated to education, it is not for us to go very far on the political analysis of these comments. There are indeed two dimensions: communication (not just media); the reality of the situation. A number of employees of this company is in a situation that can be described illiteracy possible. And it is a real handicap for any conversion can not be overlooked. And we must reflect on the reality of illiteracy in France, what we will do below. But the problem here is communicative. Should we say loud and clear to people that they are illiterate since this term, like it or not, is connoted and pejorative? Does the publicly say will solve the problem more easily? Mr Macron The problem is he has to understand that the words belong to those who receive them … One of the collateral effects of this policy debate is that it has given a very useful spotlight on this situation. A poster of the foundation of Auteuil Apprentices circulated widely on social networks. Red background, it says "The illettrrisme is not an insult. Illiteracy concerns 2.5 million people in France. There are solutions. Let us have the courage to implement them. ". In the same sense that this poster, we can classify the reaction of Marie-Therese Geffroy, President of the national fight against illiteracy Agency in L’Express: "To combat the problem, we must accept to name it. ". As often in the age of instant information, we’ll go quickly seek some experts. Thus Le Nouvel Observateur request the opinion of Alain Bentolila that before transforming into declinologue education in his latest book has worked on this issue An excerpt from this interview fact echo the previous topic on reading "These statements are neither politically nor socially incorrect. Macron should be explained rather than apologize. Illiteracy encloses those who are victim to "social silence" about them is rather a good way to educate the rest of the population. The minister did not say "break up illiterate." On the contrary ! It has to date an important topic. […] Inequalities begin before the entry into kindergarten. So stop blaming reading methods, the overall method is not as good as phonics. Even before the first day of school, there is a ratio of 1 to 6 among students regarding their knowledge of French. Some barely know 200 words, some over 2,000. The first will drag their whole lives this gap like a bullet. The origin of the problem is the family environment: families who do not speak or French badly, the entourage has not the strength to take the child or accompany the conquest of the language. .. The school can help then. It must enhances functional use of reading. For over 15 years, are the associations fighting against illiteracy which can act. This is not because some have no conclusive results that we must stop subsidizing. Mr Macron, go ahead! Be demanding but do not cut the resources to associations. We must put the package and have high expectations. "Another expert questioned, this time by Inrocks Bernard Lahire. . The sociologist also worked on this issue but about his lies as much in the field of political criticism about Emmanuel Macron he calls "class contempt": For the author of "The Invention of illiteracy "(Discovery 2005) it" […] is a fuzzy category that turns very quickly to the stigma. There is a distancing from one category of the population. While the problem of these workers is to have a job and keep it, Emmanuel Macron adds a layer evoking stigmatizing their illiteracy assumption. The first thing to say is that there is no work for more jobs. In France, we have a pedagogical treatment of unemployment: it puts people in training and we realize that they have difficulty in writing and reading. Then we finally say that this is the problem. All technocrat they are, they think in reverse: people are unemployed because they have problems reading or spelling, but because there are no jobs. "And he adds:" We reversed causality. The moment when we began to see people who had problems in writing – a cause of school failure – is the time of onset of unemployment. " Although one can have tremendous respect for the work of the sociologist, however, can go beyond the deconstruction of the concept he proposes to return to the reality of the job today. If people have "internalized the link between graduation and employment" as told Lahire is perhaps simply because, like it or not this is the reality of work. Without this necessarily has to do with a rating appropriate to the job, the diploma appears today as a sorting factor and pay someone to do my math homework online
selection of job applications. And also, the least skilled jobs requiring no qualifications tend to disappear the face of globalization (although this can be reversed with the rising costs of relocation). And these two phenomena make it even more difficult the situation of non or low-skilled persons and / or suffering from social disadvantage. Finally about illiteracy, and to embody this concept can also (re) listen to this great issue of full sensitivity Edouard Zambeaux on France Inter in 2013 when he gave the floor to Suzanne, 50 years. The tunnel and about the personality of Emmanuel Macron also led to reflections on the recruitment and training of elites. It is an article of Patrick Fauconnier in Le Nouvel Observateur that goes furthest in this direction. "There’s nothing worse than hearing some very smart people express themselves so stupid and hurtful to others. The big mistake made by the new Minister of Economy, Emmanuel Macron, assigning, on Europe 1, employees of the difficulties of the company Gad to the fact that they would be "illiterate", reminds us of the tragic deficit of our elites emotional intelligence, this intelligence made of capacity for empathy and openness to others, consideration of feelings. "Writes journalist. He added "We are not saying that Macron son of Amiens hospital doctors – and therefore not born with a silver spoon in the mouth in Neuilly – does not. But we have serious concerns that the Cold technician training he received at ENA has bridled that part of his intelligence. From this, Patrick Falconer refers to Crozier and other tests on the ruling classes to call for a thorough reform of the elites and their training. The extracts of the work of Crozier cited in the article are of great news! This is not unrelated to a note from the former minister Michele Delaunay, published on his blog last week and has since toured extensively on social networks. Entitled "The tunnel or how to make career without putting one foot in real life" the text asks those who … "have Sciences-po, past or not a contest administration, looked around them … And finally found a parliamentary attache or a job in a community and, for the lucky or the cleverest, in a "Cabinet". "They are, she says in the" tunnel "and while some" just a "modest means" (horrible phrase, but that those who have become immodest often use). They really made an effort, past contests: they will stay longer healthy carriers and a few will not, or very little signs of the disease. "But this virus is that of the political profession that too often away from reality rather than closer. A text sobering on the construction of the elite and also questions the school and how it contributes or not to social mobility. Finally, I run the risk of immodesty in abandoning myself to self-promotion of a small text that I wrote entitled "impostor" and can go in resonance with the article of Falconer and the tribune of Michele Delaunay . To be debated ! Happy reading … Posted by Philip Watrelot Watrelot to Saturday, September 20, 2014